“We are moving into an era where cities will matter more than states and supply chains will be a more important source of power than militaries — whose main purpose will be to protect supply chains rather than borders. Competitive connectivity is the arms race of the 21st century.”
-- Parag Khanna , 
A network is made of lines and switches, right?
Lots have been told about the network scaling effects , including attempts by myself [4-12] ... which compels me to introduce the not so frivolous notion of network forces.
These forces are expressed in several laws. I though initially to say 'forces' and 'laws' here, but I realize they are quite objective and physical emergenta , indeed.
In my ''Geodesic by Tauchain''  article of about couple of months ago I emphasized over the Huber-Hettinga Law , of how cost of switching literally defines the 'orographic'  topology of a network .
The cheaper the routing - the flatter the network.
Expensive switches = hierarchy, verticality, power, control, obey, centalization, 'world is fiat' ,, sollen , hence borders instead of bridges, limitations not stumulae, exclusivity ...
Cheap switching = geodesic society , 'world is flat', horizontality, p2p, decentralization, inclusivity ...
The more vertical by centralization a network is - the more it must deplete information - to omit, to ignore calls from the deeps or to even actively suppress or silence nodes. To cope with the stream by strangling it. Simply due to lesser capacity, less degrees of freedom . Geodesic networks possess higher entropy  and therefore are richer. They bolster higher both Scrooge  and Spawn  factors. With other words:
The flatter the network - the richer  it is.
Maybe the explanation on why the wealthiest-healthiest societies tend to be those who are with biggest economic-political freedom. 
Naturally the Huber-Hettinga Law led me to the elementary-watson  conclusion of the power and value of Tau as the ultimate über -switch. So far so good.
Now lets stare in the Lines. Here comes Nick Szabo .
Nick Szabo - a lawyer AND computer scientist - is a legendary figure from the great 'Archaic era of crypto'  - the 1990es when he, together with the other cypherpunk  titans like Tim May , Wei Dai , Bob Hettinga  etc. etc., poured the very baserock foundations in a staggering detail of what we enjoy now as Crypto  in the post-Satoshi  era.
It is THEIR vision came true we all now live in.
Bitcoin was a detonation of namely that critical mass of fused thoughts, of namely these very smart people, piled up and compressed by the connective network forces of the early internet .
No, I do not mean at all Szabo's most famous thing - the 1994 coining of the term of 'smart contracts' . In fact I deeply and strongly reject the very notion of 'smart contracts' - as utter non-sense, even as an oxymoron - which is an yuge separate problem, which I suspect that I nailed it, and I'll address in series of dedicated articles starting in the upcoming weeks...
I mean something much more valuable, what I call the Szabo Law.
When we hear the phrase 'networking effects' the first what comes to mind is the famous Metcalfe law .
''Metcalfe's Law is related to the fact that the number of unique connections in a network of a number of nodes (n) can be expressed mathematically as the triangular number n(n − 1)/2, which is proportional to n2 asymptotically (that is, an element of BigO(n2)).''
In the above order of appearance these network forces laws respect quantitatively the basic properties of a network as:
- Huber-Hettinga Law - the cost of switches and routing.
- Metcalfe Law - the number of nodes, i.e. switches defining the number of unique connections or lines.
- Szabo Law - the cost of the lines and connecting.
All these Laws are scaling ,  laws. Before we to come back to and continue on Szabo Law, we have to briefly mention another one .:
''So what is “scaling”? In its most elemental form, it simply refers to how systems respond when their sizes change. What happens to cities or companies if their sizes are doubled? What happens to buildings, airplanes, economies, or animals if they are halved? Do cities that are twice as large have approximately twice as many roads and produce double the number of patents? Should the profits of a company twice the size of another company double? Does an animal that is half the mass of another animal require half as much food?'' ... With Dirk Helbing (a physicist, now at ETH Zurich) and his student Christian Kuhnert, and later with Luis Bettencourt (a Los Alamos physicist now an SFI Professor), Jose Lobo (an economist, now at ASU), and Debbie Strumsky (UNC-Charlotte), we discovered that cities, like organisms, do indeed exhibit “universal” power law scaling, but with some crucial differences from biological systems.Infrastructural measures, such as numbers of gas stations and lengths of roads and electrical cables, all scale sublinearly with city population size, manifesting economies of scale with a common exponent around 0.85 (rather than the 0.75 observed in biology). More significantly, however, was the emergence of a new phenomenon not observed in biology, namely, superlinear scaling: socioeconomic quantities involving human interaction, such as wages, patents, AIDS cases, and violent crime all scale with a common exponent around 1.15. Thus, on a per capita basis, human interaction metrics (which encompass innovation and wealth creation) systematically increase with city size while, to the same degree, infrastructural metrics manifest increasing savings. Put slightly differently: with every doubling of city size, whether from 20,000 to 40,000 people or 2M to 4M people, socioeconomic quantities – the good, the bad, and the ugly – increase by approximately 15% per person with a concomitant 15% savings on all city infrastructure-related costs.
Which probably comes to denote the shear size of the network in STEM (space, time, energy, mass) , I'm not sure, but I have some strong suspicions about the unity of matter, structure and action which I will expose and share some other time.
What I call Szabo's Law reveals in his ''Transportation, divergence, and the industrial revolution''(Thu, Oct 16, 2014)  that similarly to Metcalfe's (''double the population, quadruple the economy'') there is power-law  correlation between the cost of connections or links or lines ... and the value of the network, too.:
''Metcalfe's Law states that a value of a network is proportional to the square of the number of its nodes. In an area where good soils, mines, and forests are randomly distributed, the number of nodes valuable to an industrial economy is proportional to the area encompassed. The number of such nodes that can be economically accessed is an inverse square of the cost per mile of transportation. Combine this with Metcalfe's Law and we reach a dramatic but solid mathematical conclusion: the potential value of a land transportation network is the inverse fourth power of the cost of that transportation. A reduction in transportation costs in a trade network by a factor of two increases the potential value of that network by a factor of sixteen. While a power of exactly 4.0 will usually be too high, due to redundancies, this does show how the cost of transportation can have a radical nonlinear impact on the value of the trade networks it enables. This formalizes Adam Smith's observations: the division of labor (and thus value of an economy) increases with the extent of the market, and the extent of the market is heavily influenced by transportation costs (as he extensively discussed in his Wealth of Nations).''
My encounter with this article of Nick Szabo's was a goosebumps experience for me, cause it coincided with series of lay rants of mine on the old Zennet irc chat room of Tau that ''computation =communication =transportation''. Somewhere in 2016 as far as I remember. :)
Maybe it was the last drop to shape my conviction that by my dedicated involvement in both Tau and ET3 , , , I'm actually working for ... one and a same project.
For communication, computation and transportation being modes of state change. Cause information is a verb, not a noun. And software being states of hardware.
''Decentralizing the internet is possible only with decentralized physical infrastructure.'' 
Just like the brain is a network computer of neuron nanocomputers , the emergent composite we colloquially call humanity or mankind or economy or society or world ... is a network computer made of all us billions of humans.
Brains do thought, economies do wealth.
Integrated circuitry  upon the face of planet Earth as a motherboard . Literally. The Humanity's planet-hardware. Parag Khanna's Connectography explained.
The Earth is definitely not our ultimate chip carrier . Probably there ain't limit at all of our culture-upon-nature hardware upgrades, see: , . The universe is our computronium  and we've been here for too short and haven't seen far enough. Networking is connectomics . And thus it always also is metabolomics .
Remember my last month's  ''Tauchain the Hanson Engine''?
The series of exponentially shortened growth doubling times looks like driven by transportation technological singularities : domestication of the horse, oceanic navigation, combustion engine ...
In the light of all the net forces summoned above: The planet Earth viewed as a giant computer chip ...
- itself is a subject of the relentless network entropic  force of the Moore's law 
The network forces accelerate what that wealth computer does.
Two quick examples:
A.: The $1500 sandwich  as a proof that trade+production is at least thousands of times stronger in sandwich-making than production alone.
B.: The example of Eric Beinhocker in his 2006 ''The Origin of Wealth''  about the two contemporary tribes of the Amazonian Yanomami  - a stone age population nowadays and the Eastcoastian Manhattanites . That the former are only about 100 times poorer, but the later enjoy billions of times bigger choice of things to have.
Tauchain 'threatens' to affect the parameters of ALL the network forces formulae mentioned herewith in a mind-bogglingly big scale.
Simultaneously, orders of magnitude :
- lower switch cost
- higher nodes count 
- lower connection cost
A wealth hypercane  recipe. Perfect value storm. Future ain't what it used to be .
''Thinking by Machine: A Study of Cybernetics''
by Pierre de Latil 
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company in 1957 (c.1956), Boston.
Foreword of Isaac Asimov (then only 36 years old) ! Recommendation by the legendary mathematician and cyberneticist Norbert Wiener (then 62 years old) ! ... A true jewel! The book is described as:
A review of "the last ten years' progress in the development of self-governing machines," describing "the principles that make the most complex automatic machines possible, as well as the fundamentals of their construction."
Nineteen fifties !! The midway between the first digital computer made by my half-compatriot John Atanasoff  and internet . Almost a human generation span between the former, the book and the later event. Epoch so deep in the past that even television, air travel, rockets and nukes ... were young then.
Same Kondratieff  wave phase btw, which hints towards the historical rhyming of socially important intellectual interests. (On how K-waves imprint on the humanity growth curve - in series of other posts to come).
I must admit here that I've never put my hands and eyes onto this book. But, it is stamped into my mind and memory by Stanislaw Lem  - one of the greatest philosophers of the XXth century, working under the disguise of a Sci-Fi writer, for being caught on the wrong side of the Iron curtain.
''Summa Technologiae'' (1964)  is a monumental work of Lem's, where most issues discussed sound more contemporary nowadays than they were the more than half a century ago when it was built, and for many things also we are yet in the deep past ...
... Lem reports and discussed the following from the aforementioned Pierre de Latil's book.:
''As a starting point will serve a graphic chart classifying effectors, i.e., systems capable of acting, which Pierre de Latil included in his book Artificial Thinking [P. de Latil: Sztuczne mys´lenie. Warsaw 1958]. He distinguishes three main classes of effectors. To the first, the deterministic effectors, belong simple (like a hammer) and complex devices (adding machine, classical machines) as well as devices coupled to the environment (but without feedback) - e.g. automatic fire alarm. The second class, organized effectors, includes systems with feedback: machines with built-in determinism of action (automatic regulators, e.g., steam engine), machines with variable goals of action (externally conditioned, e.g., electronic brains) and self-programming machines (system capable of self-organization). To the latter group belong the animals and humans. One more degree of freedom can be found in systems which are capable, in order to achieve their goals, to change themselves (de Latil calls this the freedom of the "who", meaning that, while the organization and material of his body "is given" to man, systems of that higher type can - being restricted only with respect to the choice of the building material - radically reconstruct the organization of their own system: as an example may serve a living species during biological evolution). A hypothetical effector of an even higher degree also possesses the freedom of choice of the building material from which "it creates itself". De Latil suggests for such an effector with highest freedom - the mechanism of self-creation of cosmic matter according to Hoyle's theory. It is easy to see that a far less hypothetical and easily verifiable system of that kind is the technological evolution. It displays all the features of a system with feedback, programmed "from within", i.e., self-organizing, additionally equipped with freedom with respect to total self-reconstruction (like a living, evolving species) as well as with respect to the choice of the building material (since a technology has at its disposal everything the universe contains).
Longish quote, but every word in it is a worth. When I've read this as a kid back in 1980es ... immediately came to my mind the next, the seventh logical higher effector class.: the worldmaker !!
The degrees of freedom of all the previous six according to the classical taxonomy of de Latil are confined by the rule-set, the local laws of physics.
They are prisoners of an universe. Like birds incapable to reconfig their cage into roomier and cozier ones.
If we regard the laws of nature as code or algorithm, my 7th level effector will be capable to draft and implement itself onto newer and stronger algorithmic foundations. ( Note the seamlessness between computation and robotics in Latil/Lem categorization construct - quite logical indeed, having in mind that software is state of hardware, that matter-form-action are inextricable from each other, but on this in series of other times and posts ... ). Without bond?
So, I wonder:
Where, you reckon, is Tauchain  placed onto the Latil's effectors map?
Guys, after a few articles , , .  - I think I owe you to present a little bit myself and Behest.io , .
I, Karov, am a human, i.e. I'm not robot ( although, my friend @trafalgar is a witness, once I fought all day long with a google form Captcha, but I prefer to blame a software glitch for that ... ).
I occasionally understood that 'karov' is the word for 'near' in Hebrew, but this is pure coincidence.
I'm a lawyer. More than two decades of uninterrupted PQE . In couple of European jurisdictions.
Behest.io is a ... firm. In the sense of :: firm (n.) , or in the very original sense as any firm's only way to be - a signature. Not in the sense (yet) of a legal personhood entity.
As a signature Behest.io is a tool. My tool, which I continuously develop to deliver answers  upon behests  for compliance to various crypto endeavors.
Metaphorically, the Behest.io tool dev target is: if a law firm is a CPU , Behest.io to be crypto legal services ASIC .
Blockchain came too swift, too strong and too global. Like an alien invasion. Legislators and law enforcement can not keep pace. Law and regulations are far from being definite on it.
It is entire internet of jurisdictions out there. Nobody really knows the Law. One can not just go out and shop answers. There is no legal supermarket with neat shelves of turnkey solutions with price tags.
The compliance space is turbulent. Nothing is ready and definite. Very high risk a grey zone to turn red hot. Quicksand minefield.
Crypto lawyer job is not yet an industry, it is inevitably art and craftsmanship. Tailored solutions.
Thus Behest.io is a studio , not conveyor belt mass factory.
Our approach in support is: side by side, thinking together, carefully map the routes ahead, identify the correct questions and precisely craft specific solutions.
On tailored case by case basis. In strict confidence. In all the time dynamic and adaptive fashion. In real time. From entry to exit. All the way navigation from mere idea to end.
So far it sounds like just another advert... I know. But, let me quickly throw some Behest.io preconditional points in an attempt to start sketching the bigger map:
FIRSTLY.: Why ''of Tauchain''?
Since my law school years back in the past millennium I noticed that the Law in all its dimensions.: legislature, legislation, application, enforcement, science, jurisprudence, doctrine ... is somewhat inconsistent and not quite self-sufficient.
I'm now firmly on position that the place of Law is not with the soft sciences of history and literature but among the hard sciences of maths, logic, philosophy and physics.
If we compare the social rules set with a human network protocol code, the Law up to now is obviously not quite automatic and requires too much 'hand drive'. Including, in the rules to make rules, too.
I tried to envision (with my limited tech knowledge), all this quarter of century, various ... systems which eventually could compensate such flaws: virtualization, procedural generation, gamification ... and then Satoshi came. And Ohad Asor appeared.
If we compare our intention and dream of Law with flying - since times immemorial humans wanted to fly like birds, but it took Wright Bros  we to fly ... not like the birds do.
I must herewith admit that closest to my heart are two technological projects.: Tau  and ET3 . They form kinda ... unity, but on that - other times, in series of other posts.
Ohad Asor in his Sep 10, 2016, 8:25 PM essay  very precisely outlined the problem of Law:
''We would therefore be interested in creating a social process in which we express laws in a decidable language only, and collaboratively form amendable social contracts without diving into paradoxes. This is what Tau-Chain is about.''
Exactly! The problem of Law is that it is written in inherently buggy natural human language 'software' and is run on human brains 'hardware' which is faulty for this, for being 'made' to optimize performance of completely other category of tasks. Like ... survival.
We can achieve Law by these means - human natural language and human brains - not more successfully than we could walk from here to the moon.
Tau is the most solid grounded and promising effort to deliver our long dreamed 'rocketry' to take is from here to the Law.
If Law is decidable code, it is specifiable, all intended consequences predictable and granted. Decidable, consistent ... and self-amending. Precisely what the Law is supposed to be. At last. If it is specifiable in exact terms, action code is synthesizable out of it, to feed the legal effectors of all kinds with precise instructions.
Because our societies map to our communications , drastic improvement of our interactions rules is equivalent of immense improvement of the human condition.
The Law as a Tapp (Tau App)? Most definitely. I know no other attempt the issue to be addressed in such a way of pure reason and demonstrated understanding.
This is the reason behind ''for Tauchain'' part of this post's title. It can get us there. We can have the Law, at last.
This is in the Behest.io and mine best selfish interest. Which is: a world of unimaginable freedom and wealth for all.
Behest.io in that sense is ''for Tauchain'' for the perspective the Tau to become ''for Behest''. Realization of my lifetime Legum  project.
Behest.io is not of Tauchain, or of IDNI. It is an independent project of an independent lawyer, with strong current focus on Tau and ET3. Because of the outlined above reasons. In series of upcoming articles I intend to elaborate on my visions and positions on these in general.
SECONDLY.: How exactly is supposed Behest.io to operate before the Tau is in our hands to play with?
All by the books, of course! Legal profession is for compliance, but also it is all about compliance per se. Not just compliance makers and shippers, but must-be compliant the lawyers themselves. Lawyers are strictly local and heavily regulated profession. As it should be.
Not only no lawyer knows all law, but there is not such a thing as global or universal license to provide legal services. Regardless of the 'professional services provider' Big Four  or other hierarchic collab structure - a lawyer is limited to operate only on the territory which his professional 'badge' granting regulator says.
From the other hand Internet and Blockchain are inherently global and penetrate and permeate all jurisdictions as easy as neutrino passes through a planet.
My plan to deal with this ''license to kill (the problems)'' inter-jurisdictional professional license issue is simple:
Quick assembly of full professional license coverage teams. In bespoke to project way. Ad hoc. Where and when needed.
The idea is ... if Behest.io is a screen and the solutions - images on it, the backend machinery of professionals and other resources to be freely reconfigurable and developed and expanded on demand all the time, without the client to be bothered to grok anything else but what's on the screen.
This resembles the aka B2B2X  telecom services business model which is conceptually so new that it does not have a wikipedia article, yet.
So all professional services colleagues welcome to join! In whatever forms we together see fit in every particular occasion.
I'm sure some really groundbreaking fusions will come out of this collab direction alone!
More posts on Behest.io biz philosophy to come.
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Suggested readings to better understand the Tau ecosystem, Tau Meta Language, Tau-Chain and Agoras, and collaborate in the development of the project.
Lecturas sugeridas para entender mejor el ecosistema Tau, Tau Meta Lenguaje, Tau-Chain y Agoras, y colaborar en el desarrollo del proyecto.